雅思听力技巧之配对题1 

雅思听力技巧之配对题(一)

新概念海外考试研究中心 Eva

配对题属于较为特殊的选择类题型,这一种题型有三大题型特点:

① 题目本身包括题干及匹配选项的内容;

② 考生在听的过程中需要对题干、选项匹配内容和录音三组信息进行理解

和对应,这也是这一种题型其难点所在; ③ 定位较容易

考试中,配对题有三种常见形式:① 选项多余空 ② 选项等于空 ③ 选项

少于空。其中,② 选项等于空:即一对一匹配,除了选项利用率上与①不同之外,其余的出题特征和做题思路极为相近

我们先来看选项多于空的配对题:

What change has been made to each part of the theatre?

Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-G, next to questions 11-16.

RIVENDEN CITY THEATRE A doubled in number B given separate entrance C reduced in number D increased in size E replaced F strengthened G temporarily closed Part of the theatre

11 box office ……………

12 shop …………… 13 ordinary seats …………… 14 seats for wheelchair users …………… 15 lifts …………… 16 dressing rooms ……………

2)

范例分析: 范例原文:

范例分析:

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范例原文:

范例分析: (Cambridge 6 Test 1 Section

选项多余空的配对题,题目是对于theatre的变化部分进

行描述,然后将每一个部分的具体变化进行匹配

Lynne: The first thing people will see when they

go in is the foyer has been repainted in the original green and gold. Then the box office has been reoriented with its own access from the side of the building instead of through the foyer, which means it can be open longer hours, and has more space, too.

foyer在题干中没有给出,属干扰;这里的then是非常好的

递进关系承接词,提醒注意box office的出现。接下来,the box office has been reoriented with its own access from the side of the building中,reoriented, its own access和B选项given separate entrance相对应

foyer大厅

reoriented重新确定位置 with its own access有自己的入口

The shop is the one part of the redevelopment which

isn’t yet complete. We hope to reopen the shop in the next few months.

在定位词shop出现后,isn’t yet complete、 to reopen

the shop in the next few months均能够帮助确定答案G选项 temporarily closed

范例原文: Man: Will audiences find any difference in the

auditorium?

Lynne: Yes, we’ve increased the leg-room

between the rows. This means that there are now fewer seats.

范例分析: 当男的问到auditorium时,若知道是观众席的意思,则

知道定位到13题,随后fewer seats较容易就能对应上C选项reduced in number

范例原文: We have already had a few seats which were

suitable for wheelchair users, and now there are twice as many.

范例分析: We have already had a few seats which were

suitable for wheelchair users这一句又是非常明显的,容易定位到14题,now there are twice as many对应上doubled in number选项A

范例原文: Something else that will benefit audiences is the

new lifts. The two we used to have were very small and slow. They’ve now gone. And we’ve got much more efficient ones.

范例分析: 讲到lift时,They’ve now gone 可以判断对应E选项

replaced,当然,The two we used to have

were……we’ve got much more efficient ones也是可以帮助推断的

范例原文: The small, dark dressing rooms we used to have

have been converted into two large airy rooms, so they’re much more comfortable now.

范例分析: 最后的dressing rooms说到是converted into two

large airy rooms对应上D选项increased in number

综合来看,选项多余空,即有选项用不上;这类考题的选项一般是对题干进行解释说明,定位容易,但很容易出现同义转换;有些选项会比较相似,干扰性强。从上例中reoriented, its own access和given separate entrance之间的转换;到twice as many和doubled in number之间的对应可以发现,没有一题不涉及同意转换。

雅思听力技巧之配对题(二)

朗阁海外考试研究中心 孙佳薇

当然,配对题选项多余空的题型特征,可以选择在听的时候不要着急看选项,通过浏览--记录--填写,也就是根据题干要求,去“有的放矢”,记录所需要的内容,待到录音结束,根据所记录的内容和选项进行匹配。请看下例:

Which team will do each of the following jobs?

Choose THREE answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-D, next to questions 11-13.

Teams A the blue team B the yellow team C the green team D the red team

11 checking entrance tickets ……… 12 preparing refreshments ……….. 13 directing car-park traffic ……….

(Cambridge 6 Test 4 Section

2)

范例分析: 按照这样的做题方式一般可以分3步:

① 在审题时明确题干的中心词,理清问的是什么,例如上例,

明确所需要区分的是不同的工种所代表的颜色,为定位作好准备

② 快速浏览完选项后,尽量记住大致意思,在听的过程中将每

一种工作的颜色记录下来;像此处每一种颜色的首字母均不一样,在记录过程中甚至可以仅用每一种颜色的首字母为代表b, y, g, r

③ 听完利用检查时间进行核对,对号入座

再比如上一篇RIVENDEN CITY THEATRE一例,此例上下信息较多,难度较大,像这样的情况同样可以按照浏览--记录--填写的方式来避免上下来回扫荡,打乱节奏的现象。

比如:既然题目是对于theatre的变化部分进行描述,那我们需要记录的内容就非常明确,就是每一个部分的具体变化,不需要其他太多的内容,而后进行匹配

例如第11题,在定位词box office出现后,所记录在旁的内容即reoriented, its own access

还有像第14题需要记录下的内容可能只是twice

当然,要指出的是,这一种做题方式需要注意到两点: ① 在题型上有限定,不是每一种雅思听力题型均适合; ② 听力基础较薄弱的考生需慎用。


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