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议论文

谭雪莹

Nowadays there is a trend that digital devices are occupying an increasing number of market shares of educational business, a typical example of which can be tablets in colleges. Nevertheless, from my own perspective, tablets do not have advantages over paper books, which has also been proved by some studies. In fact, traditional textbooks possess a lot more merits than tablets in various aspects.

Initially, concerning the assistance to study, print books enable us to output what we have learned timely such as underlining the critical points and taking notes during the learning process. While with tablets, it is not convenient for us to write down our inspiration though they can store a large amount of information. Additionally, due to their multifunction, tablets will distract our attention more easily, which is fatal to a person’s study process. Such a typical phenomenon is that new games always spread faster through pads than any other devices, keeping the youths from concentrating on their study. Since the essence of study is the exchange and collision of ideas, paper books apparently weigh heavier than tablets for they can provide such a platform where students can place much more emphasis on learning. In terms of the investment, not only the cost but also the repair fees of tablets are rather high. At the same time, with the software continuously being renovated, tablets set higher requirements on technology. For instance, schools usually face difficulties in collecting sufficient information and making effective management of so many of them in such a small device, which can only be dealt with by renewing the software. In brief, limited budget will restrict tablets’ popularization to a large extent while it can promise the paper books’ supply.

Another problem lies in the impact on health. There is no doubt that students’ loss of vision is closely attached to the exposure to lots of digital devices, one of which is tablet. Besides, it has been wildly accepted that the electromagnetic radiation from tablets is detrimental to our physical body. By comparison, print textbooks act as a more protective role in our study career because the unadorned paper will not do harm to us.

There is no denying that the invention of digital devices has brought a revolution to the study methods, converting people’s preference from conventional paper into convenient smart devices. However, it has to be identified that development is a process, whose basic responsibility is ameliorating living pressure and promoting life quality. We have taken a wide range of factors into account, only to find that traditional books have irreplaceable advantages not merely in pursuing the essence of learning but in maintaining healthy as well. Therefore, public introspection on how to balance technology and tradition should be aroused by this controversial issue. Fortunately enough, some people who foresee the disadvantages have also made attempt to keep themselves from too many digital products and eventually showed appreciation for such a healthy lifestyle.

It is we students who make the final decisions. Consequently, only when we make a better understanding of both tablets and traditional textbooks comprehensively can we truly reap the benefits from these two learning tools. Since what really matters is whether it can be helpful to our learning careers, I prefer paper books for the reasons presented above.\

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刘玉坤

Tablets Serves More for Students in School

Tablets are enjoying increasing popularity in school. One can always grasp shadows of tablets wherever he is, in classrooms or in the dining halls. Admittedly, the evolution of technology has rocked the world; however, there are indeed doubts on the growing vogue of tablets. Some people approve of them because of their convenience, others oppose and claim that students should use printed books and they will never be replaced. Nevertheless, as a significant progress made in digital time, tablets and E-reading are more likely favored by students and serve more in their school life.

Initially, tablets are more convenient than printed books. Other than just being a smaller-sized text, it is more of a portable database, in which one can not only read the whole content just as it is with the paper book, but also search for information about the background knowledge as well as the reviews, as Wi-Fi is more commonly used nowadays and tablets are able to connect to it. Also, for students who are eager to get the latest news or the new versions whether they are the requirements from the teacher or just their own interests, tablets provide with an access to every update while printed books fail to do so. Compared with a bag full of books that weighs more than 6 kilos in total, more students certainly tend to prefer to use the lighter tablets with more convenience.

In addition, electronic-reading is cheaper and that version of books is easy to preserve for really a long time. Other than just test books, most colleges require extra class materials (such as classic novels for an English class) and reference books, and the average cost for books and supplies for the 2012-2013 school year was about $1,200 at universities in the US, according to a report from the College Board. Although the price for books in China is much lower, it still counts greatly in students’ tuition fee. Compared with paper books we have to buy continuously, a tablet costs only for approximately $499, with free digital information or e-books with great price, which is cheaper in the long run.

Preservation is also problematic for paper books. It might be Okay if we are talking about a student or two; however, preservation of some specific books or historic records which are significant is important to schools. Proper handling and storage is essential to the preservation, not to mention a whole series of complicated packing and selection for places that is neither humid nor shady. However, books can be preserved in tablets easily without so many considerations. Librarians just have to create a database, which professors and students can have access to, and prepare for couple of computers or tablets for public use.

Admittedly, paper-reading has a long history and is accepted by most people; however, its negative impacts cannot be neglected, and the environmental problems it has brought about are definitely one of them, which have led to a high level of consumption and waste. According to a survey, nearly 4 billion trees worldwide are cut down each year, not to mention the air and water pollution. Also, few books will be recycled, which lead to a great amount of waste. However, the tablets can be used for quite a long time if the users use it properly, and the information can be update in time with lower cost.

The using of tablets in schools has really become a hit because of their convenience, abundant storage of information, and lower cost for information to be both read and preserved. In addition, it avoids the problem of waste and pollution paper book might cause, which not only benefit individuals, but also the society as a whole. More importantly, using tablets is a sign for the bloom of digital system of organizations in schools, and also the coming era of technology. Perhaps there is a day that all paper-books will be replaced by e-books stored in digital devices, and the storm of high-tech will blow almost everyone’s mind.\

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杨柳韩青

Printed Book or E-book, Which Is to Succeed?

Since the beginning of human history, printed books have accompanied us for quite a long time. They have been used to pass on culture, knowledge and history from one generation to the next, and they have never been denied of their functions. In recent years, however, with the rapid development of e-books, many people voice that printed books are no longer useful, thus should be replaced by e-books. On the contrary, I hold the view that printed books should never be replaced. The reasons are as follows. As printed books have played a glorious throughout history, they are mostly known as textbooks, on which there are printed articles, formulas for students to learn. Some of printed books are heavy, and not easy to carry, though, they are convenient for students to take notes and easy for them to review at any time when they open the book. But learners with e-books are impossible to write down notes on pages, so they may need extra notebooks during classes. What's more, there are already many versions of every kind of printed books, from which people can choose the one best suits their need, while only one version is accessible online for most of the time, and if readers want another version, they will be charged for extra fees, which, sometimes, even higher than a printed one.

Some people argue that printed books are a waste of trees and e-books are environmental-friendly. I don't agree. I believe that one won't throw a book away after reading it, instead, most people choose to put it off the bookshelf and refer to it when necessary. In fact, it's a tradition to keep as many books at home as possible in a traditional Chinese family, because it shows that the family members are knowledgeable and intelligent and earns them respect from neighbors. Yet, I've also seen that in modern groups, especially among college students, second-hand books are in. Many students sell used printed books at very low prices, both maximizing the use of the book and realizing the mutual benefit of sellers and buyers.

Printed books, frankly speaking, are much cheaper compared to the money one has to pay for electronic devices in order to use e-books. For example, high quality products are expensive, which can be a burden to ordinary families. But once poor quality ones are broken, books will all disappear at once and they need requirements frequently, which, also means a large sum of money. In addition, with e-books, one will take much time to upload new systems and update new procedures so that the device can function properly and keep pace with the world.

Although e-books are becoming more and more popular, other problems like eyesight protection remain to be solved. Therefore, in this era of rapid development of science and technology, printed books, having survived for thousands of years, will continue to play an important part and succeed in the end.\

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王培宇

“His book is called the Book of Sand, because neither the book nor sand possess a beginning or an end” by Jorge Luis Borges, and so it is with the tablets.

In this new digital information age, the publication of tablet has thrown a toss on the traditional education based on the paper books. Despite the fact that traditional paper plant has been ceaselessly tinning knowledge into one and one can print with bar-code, origin, production date and validity, the circulation of which has created huge amount cultural wealth for thousands years; the following tablet is going to change the industry thoroughly by making knowledge available and accessible just like the intangible but indispensable air, the appearance of which will lead human beings to a new intellectual era than ever before.

In my opinion, tablets will eventually take the place of paper books and be the ideal system of organization in schools for its overwhelming advantages for being portable, convenient, versatile, and most promising.

When looking backward, there is no doubt that paper books have taken the dominant role as the carrier of news and the distributor of knowledge for thousands years till today. We can never emphasize too much on its unique contribution to the traditional education industry. In other words, it indirectly limits students’ capacities of academic achievement in school life, that only those who grasp the skill of reading and comprehension well are more likely to make it.

And when looking forward, there is the emerging ideal educational organization system tablets in this new digital information age. In the size of just a notebook, tablet designed by the top electronic designers, made up from lighter and firmer material, installed with varieties of education apps, can do far more than a paper notebook. Tablet is organized so that students first see what they need for their school day, such as notebooks, subjects and textbooks.

Specifically, if you want to read, paper books resources are interpreted into e-books, for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions. On the e-books, you can underline the words, make notes, have the context translated, consult the dictionaries or search for references immediately by a series of simple operations with fingers on the touch screen. And if you want to consult the tutors or discuss with classmates, write an e-mail, log in the on-line chat room, or have a video-phone call anywhere and anytime when it’s convenient. Quick response and timely corrects make sure that learner’s questions and confusions get answered and make most progress. Finally, studying through tablets also means initiating the capacities which are undeveloped in the past and reinforces curriculum by making it interesting and innovative, such as games. These features are likely to be welcomed by teachers, for that the game-based learning is really catching on with children; therefore children’s attention is less distracted instead of merely focusing on reading material. There are so many advantages of tablets being the system of organization in school; nevertheless the potential of tablets as education tools is still not fully developed comparing to the paper books.

This will be the second revolution of knowledge, since the tangible paper fixed the wisdom of the past lives and rendered it to us, let us make it alive and fresh, thorough the tablets at our hands.\

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说明文

潘榆

Chinese Moon Festival

As is known to all the Chinese people, Moon Festival, a traditional and significant festival in China, enjoys an official appellation, Mid-autumn Festival. Moreover, it has become one of the Chinese legal holidays in due form when Chinese people can share a three-day holiday on account of this national policy. Mid-autumn Festival falls on August 15th of lunar calendar when the moon acquires its full illumination. As Mid-autumn Festival is approaching, I am introducing it to you with the cultural knowledge lying in the following parts.

The night in Mid-autumn Festival can be one of the most picturesque nights during a year and the full moon is an auspicious symbol of abundance, satisfaction and luck, as Chinese people can look back on the past and look forward to the future. For thousands of years, Chinese people have linked the vicissitudes of life to the changes of the moon, reunion and separation, joy and sorrow. As the moon is supposed to be at its maximum roundness and brightness for the entire year, it always arouses many poets’ and lovers’ inspiration and affection. Perhaps that’s why the moon spins countless legends throughout ages and Chinese ancient literature takes far more interest in the moon than in the sun. The moon cake is the exclusive food in Mid-autumn Festival. There’re diverse kinds of moon cakes, such as nut, egg-yolk, meat and so on. Its round shape symbolizes the big and bright moon. Chinese people always present moon cakes to their relatives and friends as a gift to show greeting and blessing. The moon cake is to Mid-autumn Festival what Zongzi is to Dragon Boat Festival.

Enjoying the full moon is an essential activity in Mid-autumn Festival. It is generally believed that the moon gains its full size during this night. After dinner, I have a preference for going out together with family members or friends to watch the eye-catching moon to count our thumb. We look up to the sky, leisurely chat with each other, savor the moon cakes, and sip a cup of chrysanthemum tea, the sweet flavor flowing into our heart. Immersed in this tranquil atmosphere, as if we could touch the moon closely. But when the creaking and squeaking sound of crickets begins to impinge on my ears and the breeze kisses my face, I feel a burst of coldness from head to feet. ‘The moon hung in the sky captured my heart and soul’, ‘moonlight enlightens my heart and my miss is like rolling water in the great river’. Those meaningful and romantic poems about watching the attractive moon in ancient times created by poets have been literal classic, twinkling permanently.

Mid-autumn Festival has contained a vast amount of Chinese people’s deep emotions. It stands for family reunion, harmony and felicity. Little wonder that the significance of Mid-autumn Festival can never be overemphasized. Perhaps the so-called happiness is like sweet moonlight lighting up the depth of our heart and living life as perfection of moon in August 15th of lunar calendar.\

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